Graphical Installation Guide for Beginners 0.8.8

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Overview

note: Manjaro uses a Rolling Release Development Model. As such, by virtue of keeping an existing installation updated, it is already the latest release. More information can be found in our Blog article: Manjaro installation up to date? Then you already have the latest release!
Tip: A Virtualbox guide has been provided for those wishing to install Manjaro within a virtual machine environment.


This Beginners' Guide is suitable for those with limited technical knowledge and experience. In this instance, it will not be necessary to manually partition your computer's hard disk or to manually edit various configuration files.

Where possible, ensure that you are connected to the internet prior to booting from your installation media, such as a disc, USB flash drive, or even an ISO file directly if booting in Oracle's Virtualbox. If you have a hard-wired connection via an ethernet cable, then Manjaro will automatically connect to the internet without you having to do anything; otherwise, once you have booted into Manjaro's desktop, you will need to select and then connect to your wireless network.

Optional: Set Your Preferred Language and Keyboard Layout

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Tip: Setting your preferred language and keyboard layout - as shown below - is undertaken by pressing the F2 key. As many computers have multiple functions assigned to each function key, it may be necessary to hold down another key first to use it (especially where installing in Virtualbox). For example, on a HP G62 laptop, to use the function keys, the 'fn' key must first be pressed and held.


Once Manjaro has booted, you should be presented with the Manjaro boot screen. However, particularly if you are not a native English speaker, don't actually boot into anything just yet!

It is possible at this stage to easily set your preferred language and keyboard layout prior to actually using Manjaro. This will mean that you will be able to use and install Manjaro in your native language straight away.


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First, set your preferred language by pressing the F2 key. The options available can be highlighted for selection by using the arrow keys on your keyboard. In this instance, English (UK) has been highlighted for the user.

Once selected, press <enter> to confirm and to be taken back to the boot menu.

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Second, set your preferred keyboard layout (keymap) by pressing the F2 key, selecting keyboard, and then pressing <enter> to bring up the options. Where selecting your preferred language, the appropriate keyboard layout should already be selected. In this instance, English (UK) has been highlighted for the user.

Once selected, press <enter> to confirm and be taken back to the boot menu.

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Tip: For best results, select the option 'Boot Manjaro Linux with non-free graphics drivers'. This should match the right manufacturer's driver(s) your particular graphics card(s).


With the initial preparations completed, Manjaro can now be booted to begin the installation process. Two primary options are now available:

1. Start Manjaro Linux: boots using free / open-source graphics drivers developed by the Linux community
2. Start (non-free drivers): boots using proprietary graphics drivers, that is drivers developed and owned by the manufacturers of graphics cards.


In this instance, Manjaro is being booted using the non-free graphics drivers option. Again, use the arrow keys to highlight your choice, and then press <Enter> to continue.

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Tip: If you wish to connect to the internet using a wireless connection, now is the time to do it!


As seen here, Manjaro 0.8.8 with the XFCE desktop environment is to be installed; however, regardless of the Manjaro flavour: Xfce, Openbox, KDE, or such that you have chosen to install, the installation process itself will still be the same.

To begin the installation process, click install Manjaro in the welcome window.

Choose Your Language

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If you were able to select your preferred language before booting, then it should already be selected for you.

Once selected, click Forward to proceed to the next step.


Choose Your Location

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The locations available to choose will depend initially upon the language you selected in the previous step; however, you may select a different location depending on your situation.

Once selected, click Forward to proceed to the next step.

Check Your Computer

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Tip: It is not absolutely necessary to have an active internet connection in order to install Manjaro. It is recommended however for best results.


Your computer will automatically be checked to ensure that Manjaro can be safely installed upon it. This will include ensuring that a minimum sufficient hard-drive space is available. The absolute minimum allowed is 3 Gigabytes; although, at least 15 Gigabytes of free space is recommended to allow for the inevitable expansion due to installed applications, support files and data.

Once satisfied that your system meets the minimum requirements necessary, click Forward to proceed to the next step.

Choose Your Installation Method

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Warning: Danger: Use of the 'Automatic' installation method will result in the complete erasure of all existing data on your hard drive. You have been warned!


To proceed with the 'automatic' (and very easy) installation method, ensure that any data on the disk has been backed up onto a separate media.

Then check that the Erase disk and install Manjaro (automatic) option has been selected.

Once complete, click Forward to proceed to the next step.


Choose Your Hard Drive

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Tip: If like most of us mere mortals you 'only' have one hard drive, then this will automatically be selected for you. Otherwise, your first drive will be listed as '(/dev/sda)', the second '(/dev/sdb)', and so on.


If you have more than one hard drive on your computer, then you may select the desired one to install Manjaro here.

Once selected, click Install Now! to proceed to the next step.

Where Are You?

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note: You will also have the option to Use the Network Time Protocol for clock synchronisation. In plain English, this means setting your system time by connecting to the internet. Most users should do this, although others - perhaps installing Manjaro alongside Windows --may not. If you are unsure what to do, then leave it on.


It will now be necessary to confirm your location once again. The Zone is the continent you live in. The Region is the city or closest city to that you live in within that Zone. As such, if not already set for you, you must first select the correct Zone in order to then select the correct Region within it.



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To select your Zone simply click its menu. In this instance, 'Europe' has been selected for the Author.



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Once the correct Zone has been set, then select your Region, again simply click its menu. In this instance, 'London' has been selected for the Author.


Once satisfied that these details are correct, click Forward to proceed to the next step.

Choose Your Keyboard Layout

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Tip: The appropriate keyboard layout will already have been chosen according to the language you selected, so it should in turn only be necessary to confirm this is correct.


Just because you live in a certain location, does not necessarily mean that you have a keyboard for that language. As such, you will now have the opportunity to either confirm or choose your preferred keyboard layout. This may include variants, such as 'Dvorak', 'German', 'French' or some other.

To choose your desired layout, simply click on your choice(s) to highlight them. Variants will be automatically generated depending on the country chosen.

Once satisfied that these details are correct, click Forward to proceed to the next step.


Who Are You?

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Tip: Use all lower-case characters for your Username. Remember that passwords are case-sensitive. And it is strongly recommended to require your password to log in to keep your system secure!


Now it's time to personalise your installation! Enter your real name, your computer's name, just enter 'manjaro' without the quotation marks if you are unsure what this means, then your user-name. Your user-name will be the login name of your personal account in Manjaro.

You will also need to enter your intended password twice. Again, please remember that the use of upper and lower case letters in it must be remembered in order to successfully log in after installation. This means that 'abc123' is not the same as 'ABC123'.

In newer versions of the installer a checkbox appears labeled, "Use a root password." If you check this box, you will be prompted to enter a separate password for the root (administrator) account on your system. Otherwise, the password entered for your user account will also be the root password.

All done! Once satisfied that these details are correct, click Forward to install Manjaro.

Installation

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The automatic installation process will now begin. During this process, useful information about Manjaro and its community will be displayed.



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Once complete, you will be asked if you want to restart your system. Select Yes to reboot immediately, or No to close the installer and continue using the Manjaro installation media.



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Upon rebooting, it is possible to eject the installation media as the computer turns back on. However, it is also possible to boot from the installation media itself by selecting the Boot From Hard Disk option and then pressing <enter>.

Where using the Boot From Hard Disk option, you may then safely remove or eject the installation media at your leisure as your freshly installed Manjaro system boots up.



Log In

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Tip: Love Manjaro? Then why not consider becoming part of our community? You will find yourself more than welcome at our multi-language forums!


Congratulations! Welcome to your freshly installed Manjaro system.


See Also