Manjaro-tools

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Introduction

manjaro-tools consists of a lot of different tools aimed at Manjaro developers. It is splitted into 3 different packages:

  • manjaro-tools-base contains basic tools, different chroot tools, and buildset
  • manjaro-tools-pkg contains small helper tools, buildpkg, and buildtree
  • manjaro-tools-iso contains small helper tools and buildiso


All of these manjaro-tools packages are replacements for devtools and manjaroiso.

A detailed user manual is available at github.


Configuration

manjaro-tools can be configured by copying the folder /etc/manjaro-tools to your home in ~/.config folder and then edit the file ./config/manjaro-tools/manjaro-tools.conf

Files

These are the new names for renamed scripts.

  • mkmanjaroroot --> mkchroot
  • manjarobuild --> buildpkg
  • mkset --> buildset
  • pacstrap --> basestrap
  • genfstab --> fstabgen
  • arch-chroot --> manjaro-chroot


buildset

buildset is used to create build lists. Build lists can be defined in /etc/manjaro-tools/sets/<buildlistname>.set

The help looks like the following:

$ buildset -h
Usage: buildset [options]
    -c <name>   Create set
    -r <name>   Remove set
    -s <name>   Show set
    -i          Iso mode
    -q          Query sets
    -h          This help
note: The set name should be different from a directory name in pkgbuilds dir. Anything else should work, eg adding a date to the name.

buildpkg

buildpkg is used to build a particular package or a set. In the following chapter all functions of buildpkg get explained.

If you want a detailed example how to use buildpkg to build packages for a local repository, please look here.

In some cases, the documentation of buildpkg's predecessor might be helpful: Devtools.


The help looks like the following:

Usage: buildpkg [options]
   -a <arch>          Arch [default: x86_64]
   -b <branch>        Branch [default: stable]
   -c                 Recreate chroot
   -h                 This help
   -i <pkg>           Install a package into the working copy of the chroot
   -n                 Install and run namcap check
   -p <pkg>           Build list or pkg [default: default]
   -q                 Query settings and pretend build
   -r <dir>           Chroots directory
                      [default: /var/lib/manjaro-tools/buildpkg]
   -s                 Sign packages
   -w                 Clean up cache and sources

To build a single package, go into the directory which is one above the package build directory (which contains the PKGBUILD), and run it as:

buildpkg -p <package-name>

To build a set the name of the set can be used. The current sets can be queried with the -q option.

buildtree

buildtree is a little tools to sync arch abs and manjaro packages git repos.

The arguments are:

$ buildtree -h
Usage: buildtree [options]
    -s            Sync manjaro tree
    -a            Sync arch abs
    -c            Clean package tree
    -q            Query settings
    -h            This help[/code]

To sync Arch and Manjaro trees:

buildtree -as


buildiso

buildiso is used to build a particular ISO or a set of ISOs. All functions of buildiso will be explained in the following chapters.

If you want a detailed guide how to use buildiso to build your own Manjaro ISOs from scatch, please look here.


Overview

The help looks like the following for x86_64:

$ buildiso -h
Usage: buildiso [options]
    -p <profile>       Buildset or profile [default: default]
    -a <arch>          Arch [default: x86_64]
    -b <branch>        Branch [default: stable]
    -r <dir>           Chroots directory
                       [default: /var/lib/manjaro-tools/buildiso]
    -c                 Disable clean work dir
    -x                 Clean xorg cache
    -l                 Clean lng cache
    -i                 Build images only
    -s                 Generate iso only
                       Requires pre built images (-i)
    -v                 Verbose output, show profies detail (-q)
    -q                 Query settings and pretend build
    -h                 This help

Query Building

To query build an ISO (-q option), for example the xfce-openbox-openrc profile, the following command can be used:

~ >>> buildiso -p xfce -qv                                                           
[sudo] password for fh: 
==> manjaro-tools
  -> version: 0.15.9
  -> config: ~/.config/manjaro-tools/manjaro-tools.conf
==> PROFILE:
  -> build_lists: community|default|manjaro|sonar|v17-release
  -> build_list_iso: xfce
  -> is_build_list: false
==> OPTIONS:
  -> arch: x86_64
  -> branch: unstable
  -> kernel: linux419
==> ARGS:
  -> clean_first: true
  -> images_only: false
  -> iso_only: false
  -> persist: false
==> DIST SETTINGS:
  -> dist_name: Manjaro
  -> dist_release: 18.0
  -> dist_codename: Illyria
==> ISO INFO:
  -> iso_label: MJRO180
  -> iso_compression: xz
==> BUILD QUEUE:
 --> Profile: [xfce]
  -> iso_file: manjaro-xfce-18.0-unstable-minimal-x86_64.iso
  -> autologin: true
  -> nonfree_mhwd: true
  -> multilib: true
  -> extra: false
  -> netinstall: false
  -> chrootcfg: false
  -> geoip: true
  -> efi_boot_loader: grub
  -> hostname: manjaro
  -> username: manjaro
  -> password: manjaro
  -> login_shell: /bin/bash
  -> addgroups: lp,network,power,sys,wheel
  -> enable_systemd: avahi-daemon bluetooth cronie ModemManager NetworkManager org.cups.cupsd tlp tlp-sleep ufw lightdm
  -> enable_systemd_live: manjaro-live mhwd-live pacman-init mirrors-live
  -> disable_systemd: pacman-init

Building

To actually build the ISO:

$ buildiso -p xfce -b stable

Building with predownloaded Xorg packages

To build an ISO while retaining the previously downloaded cache of Xorg packages, the -x option can be used:

$ buildiso -p xfce-openbox-openrc/ -b stable -x

Building with a small config change

note: It is to be verified if the procedure given below works or not.

Supposing something only changed in config, like a setting, instead of building the whole ISO from scratch, the ISO build directory can be modified and the ISO can be rebuilt. For example, supposing one changed xfce-overlay/etc/skel/.conkyrc in the config, one can go into the work directory, modify the said file, and rebuild the ISO using the -cs option.

The work directory can be found using the - option:

~ >>> buildiso -h                                                                                   
Usage: buildiso [options]
    -p <profile>       Buildset or profile [default: default]
    -a <arch>          Arch [default: x86_64]
    -b <branch>        Branch [default: unstable]
    -r <dir>           Chroots directory
                       [default: /var/lib/manjaro-tools/buildiso]
    -t <dir>           Target directory
                       [default: /home/fh/Data/build/iso]
    -k <name>          Kernel to use
                       [default: linux419]
    -g <key>           The gpg key for sfs signing
                       [default: ]
    -m                 Set SquashFS image mode to persistence
    -c                 Disable clean work dir
    -f                 Build full ISO (extra=true)
    -d <comp>          Compression used for build ISO: xz, gzip, lzma, lzo, lz4
                       [default: xz]
    -x                 Build images only
    -z                 Generate iso only
                       Requires pre built images (-x)
    -v                 Verbose output to log file, show profile detail (-q)
    -q                 Query settings and pretend build
    -h                 This help

(work directory highlighted in bold)

The required file can be edited as root, for example:

$ sudo nano /var/lib/manjaro-tools/buildiso/xfce/x86_64/desktopfs/etc/skel/.conkyrc

There is a catch involved here though; the file one wants to edit may be present in multiple images, like rootfs, livefs, desktopfs), and would need to be edited in the respective image directories.


Then the ISO then can be rebuilt as:

$ buildiso -p xfce -cs

Alternative

First only the chroot for the ISO could be created, using the -i option, then the changes can be made, and finally an ISO can be built with the -sc option.

For example:

$ buildiso -p xfce -b stable -x

==> Start building [xfce] ==> Cleaning up ...

 -> Deleting chroot [rootfs] (x86_64) ...
 -> Deleting isoroot [iso] ...
...
...

After this the changes in the work directory can be made, and the ISO can be generated with:

$ buildiso -p xfce/ -cz

Further reading