Difference between revisions of "VirtualBox"

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= Overview =
 
= Overview =
  
 
[[file:vbox.png|left]]
 
[[file:vbox.png|left]]
 
{{tip|virtualisation is not the same as emulation. Whereas emulation makes your computer think that it is something else (such as an arcade machine or games console), virtualisation instead creates one or more virtual versions of your computer.}}
 
  
  
Developed by the Oracle Corporation, '''[https://www.virtualbox.org/ VirtualBox]''' is a popular application that allows for other operating systems (known as ''Guests'') to be installed and run within an existing operating system (known as the ''Host''). This is undertaken through the process of ''virtualisation'', whereby virtual versions of your computer (also referred to as ''virtual machines'' or ''VMs'') are created within and draw resources directly from the host system. As such, how fast or powerful a virtual machine may be will depend entirely on the resources available - and allocated - for it to use. The benefits of virtualisation include:
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Developed by Sun Microsystems, now Oracle Corporation, '''[https://www.virtualbox.org/ VirtualBox]''' is a popular application that allows for other operating systems (known as ''Guests'') to be installed and run within an existing operating system (known as the ''Host''). This is undertaken through the process of ''virtualisation'', whereby virtual versions of your computer (also referred to as ''virtual machines'' or ''VMs'') are created within and draw resources directly from the host system. As such, how fast or powerful a virtual machine may be will depend entirely on the resources available - and allocated - for it to use. The benefits of virtualisation include:
 
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= Enabling Virtualisation =
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=Installing Virtualbox on Manjaro=
  
[[file:vt.png|thumb|left|375px]]
 
  
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==Enabling Virtualisation==
  
{{warning|Unless you know exactly what you are doing, please DO NOT alter or amend any other BIOS settings!}}
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Before installing VirtualBox, it is important to first ensure that '''virtualization''' has been enabled in your BIOS.  The exact instructions for doing this vary based on your hardware.  Please review the manual provided by your computer or motherboard manufacturer for specific instructions.
  
  
Before even ''thinking'' about installing Virtualbox, it is <u>'''absolutely essential'''</U> to first ensure that '''virtualisation''' has been enabled on your computer. Otherwise - if virtualisation has not been enabled - then assuming Virtualbox can even be run at all, its features and capabilities will be severely limited. For example, where Virtualbox has been installed on a 64-bit system, it will only be able to run 32-bit operating systems as Guests. As virtualisation is usually disabled by default, it will therefore be necessary to go into your computer's BIOS settings in order to activate it.
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==Install VirtualBox==
  
Below is an example of enabling virtualisation for a HP G62 Laptop using an Intel chip-set (it may be a slightly different process for your own computer):
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To install VirtualBox, you need to install the packages {{ic|virtualbox}} and {{ic|linux*-virtualbox-host-modules}}.  The latter must match the version of the kernel you are running. To list what kernels is installed use mhwd
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1. Reboot the computer
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~ >>> mhwd-kernel -li                                                         
 +
Currently running: 5.4.0-1-MANJARO (linux54)
 +
The following kernels are installed in your system:
 +
    * linux54
  
2. As it restarts, press the F10 key to enter into the BIOS Menu
 
  
3. Use the arrow keys to scroll across to the '''System Configuration''' tab
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To install VirtualBox and automatically install the kernel modules for your installed kernels enter the following command in the terminal:
  
4. Use the arrow keys to highlight the '''Virtualisation Technology''' option, and press <enter>
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sudo pacman -Syu virtualbox linux54-virtualbox-host-modules
  
5. Select the '''Enabled''' option, and press <enter>
 
  
6. Use the arrow keys to scroll across to the '''Exit''' tab
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Once the installation has completed, it will then be necessary to add the ''VirtualBox Module'' to your kernel. '''The easy way is to simply reboot your system'''. Otherwise, to start using VirtualBox immediately, enter the following command:
  
7. Ensure that the '''Exit Saving Changes''' option is highlighted and press <enter>
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sudo vboxreload
  
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==Install the Extension Pack(Optional)==
  
= Installing Virtualbox and its Extension Pack =
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The virtualbox extension pack is available from [[Arch_User_Repository|Arch User Repositoty(AUR)]].  You can install it with:
 +
pamac build virtualbox-ext-oracle
  
Although a basic Virtualbox Installation may suffice for some users, it is also recommended to download and install the optional '''Extension Pack''' for it. This provides several new features, including the ability to use USB devices such as data sticks and printers in virtual machine environments.
 
  
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== Adding Your Account to the '''vboxusers''' User Group ==
  
==Install Virtualbox==
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The final step is to now add your personal user account to the {{ic|vboxusers}} group. This is necessary in order to fully access the features provided by VirtualBox, including the ability to use USB devices in a Guest operating system.
  
To install Virtualbox, enter the following command in the terminal:
 
  
  sudo pacman -S virtualbox
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The command to add your user-name to the '''vboxusers''' group is:
 +
  sudo gpasswd -a $USER vboxusers
  
  
Once complete, it will then be necessary to add the '''Virtualbox Module''' to your kernel. Rather like installing a driver, doing so will ensure that Virtualbox is able to run properly. To add the Virtualbox kernel module, enter the following command:
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You must logout for the change to take effect.
  
sudo modprobe vboxdrv
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=Running Manjaro under VirtualBox=
  
 +
For those intending to use Manjaro under VirtualBox, you can install Manjaro as usual. Please observe below point of setting the correct display type.
  
=== Where Using Multiple Kernels ===
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==Selecting a Display Controller==
  
'''Should a new kernel be installed at a later time''', there will be no need to add the Virtualbox module again to it. This is because the '''[[Manjaro_Kernels|Manjaro Hardware Detection tool for Kernels]]''' (mwhd-kernel) will automatically update new kernels with all existing modules being used during the installation process.
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Before installation of Manjaro ensure the correct display settings for VM.  
  
'''However, should multiple kernels already be installed''' - and the intention is to use Virtualbox with them as well - then it will be necessary to add the Virtualbox module to them in addition. In order to add the Virtualbox module to an existing kernel:
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{{Tip | '''Graphics''': '''128MB''', '''VBoxSVGA''', '''Enable 3D Acceleration'''.}}
  
1. Select the appropriate kernel at the bootup screen
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If you follow these recommendation the kernel modules the necessary packages are installed by mhwd.
  
2. Download the '''Virtualbox Host Utilities''' for that kernel. The syntax of the command to do so is:
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=== Trouble shooting ===
 +
If you deem it necessary to ensure the packages are installed please follow this recipe
  
  sudo pacman -S [linux version]-virtualbox-host-modules
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  ~ >>> mhwd-kernel -li                                                         
 +
Currently running: 5.4.0-1-MANJARO (linux54)
 +
The following kernels are installed in your system:
 +
    * linux54
 +
~ >>> sudo pacman -Syu virtualbox-guest-utils linux54-virtualbox-guest-modules
  
Any version of Kernel 3.5 can be listed simply as 'linux35', and any version of Kernel 3.6 can be listed as 'linux36', and so on.
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=== Guest Configuration ===
 +
You will need to load the modules if you don't want to reboot:
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sudo modprobe vboxguest vboxvideo vboxsf
  
3. Once the ''Virtualbox Host Utilities'' have been downlo
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The guest utils than need to be started and enabled:
 
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  sudo systemctl enable --now vboxservice.service
 
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it will first be necessary to download and install the '''Virtualbox host utilities''' for the kernel(s) you wish to use Virtualbox with.
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The syntax of the command to install
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simply select the desired kernel version at the boot screen and re-enter the modprobe command provided.
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==Install the Extension Pack==
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[[file:vxextpackb.png|thumb|left|375px]]
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This must be obtained directly from the '''[http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/server-storage/virtualbox/downloads/index.html Virtualbox Downloads Section of Oracle's website]''', as it is not available from the Manjaro repositories. Again, the Extension pack provides a number of additional and advanced features not otherwise available. Even if there is no immediate intention to use the features provided, it is still worthwhile installing in order to have a complete installation. Once at the downloads section of Oracle's website, to obtain the Virtualbox Extension Pack:
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<br clear="all" />
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1. Scroll down towards the bottom of the page to find the '''Oracle VM Virtualbox Extension Pack''' section
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2. Click on the appropriate link for the Virtualbox version installed to download the Extension Pack
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3. After the Extension Pack has downloaded, start the Virtualbox application
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4. Once Virtualbox has started, select '''File''' from the top menu, and then '''Preferences'''
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5. Select the '''Extensions''' tab to view that section, and then click a icon called '''Add Package''' located on the far right
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7. Locate the downloaded Extension Pack, ensure it is highlighted, and then click the '''Open''' button to begin the installation process
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8. Confirm that you wish to install the Extension Pack, and then confirm that you agree to the license terms (it will at least be necessary to scroll down to the bottom of the terms to activate the '''I Agree''' button)
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9. The Extension Pack should install within a few seconds, and a confirmation message will appear.
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The final step is to now add your personal user account to the '''vbox User Group'''. This is necessary in order to fully access the features provided by Virtualbox, including the ability to use USB devices in a Guest operating system.
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= Adding Your Account to the vbox User Group =
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The syntax of the command to add your user-name to the vbox user group is:
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  sudo gpasswd -a [username] vboxusers
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As an example, the command listed below will add the personal user account named 'carl' to the vbox user group:
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sudo gpasswd -a <font color="green">'''carl'''</font color> vboxusers
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Now reboot your system for the change to take effect.
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Add you VM user to the vboxsf group (this requires you to logout to apply the new group)
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sudo gpasswd -a $USER vboxsf
  
 
= Advice, Tips, and Tricks =
 
= Advice, Tips, and Tricks =
 
{{tip|The '''[http://www.virtualbox.org/manual/ Virtualbox Manual]''' will be of immense use to new users.}}
 
 
  
 
Advice on using Virtualbox effectively, as well as some tips and tricks learned along the way, have been provided for the benefit of new users.
 
Advice on using Virtualbox effectively, as well as some tips and tricks learned along the way, have been provided for the benefit of new users.
  
  
==Running Manjaro in Virtualbox==
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==Guest Installation==
  
For those intending to use Virtualbox in Ubuntu or an Ubuntu-based distribution (e.g. Mint, Zorin, Kubuntu, etc) - in order to run Manjaro in it, of course! - the author has provided a comprehensive YouTube Virtualbox video guide:
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* Virtualbox can run installation files (ISOs) directly as virtual discs, so there is no need to burn them to an installation medium such as a disc or USB data stick.
  
* Part 1: '''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a9PusQjgzPU Virtualbox Introduction]'''
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* The process to install any Guest operating system, [[Installation_Guides|including Manjaro]], is exactly the same as if actually installing for real on your computer.
* Part 2: '''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wh9-WtRb6LQV BIOS Settings and Installation]'''
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* Part 3: '''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3TGNfmhoSts Virtual Machine Setup and vbox User Group]'''
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* Part 4: '''[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=syWEboy5KoM ISO installation, Internet Connection, and Guest Additions]'''
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Existing Manjaro users may still find Part 3 of particular interest if they are unfamiliar with using virtualbox. '''However, please note that the Guest Additions section in the fourth video does not apply to Manjaro or <u>any</u> Arch-based distribution'''. In respect to Manjaro, this is because Guest Additions - special software designed to enhance and improve Virtualbox installations - will already have been pre-installed for you. More importantly, using the method shown to install Guest Additions in Manjaro (or any Arch-based distribution) will break the system permanently, rendering it unusable.
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==Guest Additions==
  
 +
Guest Additions are special software packages designed to improve the performance and usability of guest operating systems.
  
==Guest Installation==
 
  
* Virtualbox can run installation files (ISOs) directly as ''virtual discs'', so there is no need to burn them to an installation medium such as a disc or USB data stick.
+
They are installed within the Guest operating system itself, and most notably result in enhancing the display resolution, as well as enabling much better control over the mouse. As such, two tell-tale signs that Guest Additions have not been installed in a Guest are that the display will not scale to the size of the display window (i.e. it will be necessary to scroll around to see the whole screen), and the mouse may be quite hard to control.
  
* The process to install any Guest operating system - '''[[Installation_Guides|including Manjaro]]''' - is exactly the same as if actually installing for real on your compuer.
 
  
 +
Instructions for installing the guest additions in Manjaro are provided above.  For other operating systems please review the VirtualBox instructions [[#See Also|linked below]]
  
==Guest Additions==
 
  
{{note|'''Manjaro will already have Guest Additions pre-installed, so there is no need to add it yourself'''.}}
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==Guest Display==
  
Guest Additions are special software packages designed to improve the performance and usability of guest operating systems. They are installed '''within''' the Guest operating system itself, and most notably result in enhancing the display resolution, as well as enabling much better control over the mouse. As such, two tell-tale signs that Guest Additions have not been installed in a Guest are that the display will not scale to the size of the display window (i.e. it will be necessary to scroll around to see the whole screen), and the mouse may be quite hard to control.
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If you are using other guests e.g. Ubuntu, Linux Mint and others be sure to use the default VMSVGA display driver.
 
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==Guest Display==
+
  
* It will be necessary to activate the '''Enable 3D acceleration''' box in order to allow for some desktop effects (such as transparency) to be shown. This can be undertaken by going into the settings menu, and then selecting the '''Display''' section.
+
It will be necessary to activate the '''Enable 3D acceleration''' box in order to allow for some desktop effects (such as transparency) to be shown. This can be undertaken by going into the settings menu, and then selecting the '''Display''' section.
  
 +
If you are getting screen distortion or transparent dialogs using Windows guest - shutdown the VM and change the graphics settings of the VM. Remove the checkbox for '''Enable 3D acceleration'''.
  
 
==Guest Internet Connection==
 
==Guest Internet Connection==
  
Some users have encountered problems when attempting to connect their virtual machine to the internet using the default Virtualbox settings. Where this is the case, try the following solution (covered in the fourth Virtualbox YouTube Tutorial from the 4:28 mark):
+
Some users have encountered problems when attempting to connect their virtual machine to the internet using the default VirtualBox settings. Where this is the case, try the following solution  
  
 
1. Click the '''Settings Button''' and then select the '''Network''' tab
 
1. Click the '''Settings Button''' and then select the '''Network''' tab
  
2. Next to the '''Attached to''' heading is a button that states '''NAT'''. Click it to reveal a drop down menu and select '''Bridged Adaptor''' instead.
+
2. Next to the '''Attached to''' heading is a button that states '''NAT'''. Click it to reveal a drop down menu and select '''Bridged Adapter''' instead.
  
 
3. Next to the '''Name''' heading is a button whereby you may select how you are currently connected to the internet (e.g. ''Wlan'' means Wireless, and ''Eth0'' means Ethernet). Select the appropriate connection type you are currently using.
 
3. Next to the '''Name''' heading is a button whereby you may select how you are currently connected to the internet (e.g. ''Wlan'' means Wireless, and ''Eth0'' means Ethernet). Select the appropriate connection type you are currently using.
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==General==
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==General Troubleshooting==
  
* A virtualbox installation may not automatically detect when USB device has been connected. As such, it may therefore be necessary to click the USB icon located at the bottom of the Virtualbox window in order to select and activate it.
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* A VirtualBox installation will not automatically detect when USB device has been connected. As such, it is therefore necessary to click the USB icon located at the bottom of the VirtualBox window in order to select and activate it.
  
 
* It is possible to enable the (very useful) ability to copy and paste text between the Guest and Host systems. This is undertaken by clicking '''Settings''' button and then going to the '''General''' Section.
 
* It is possible to enable the (very useful) ability to copy and paste text between the Guest and Host systems. This is undertaken by clicking '''Settings''' button and then going to the '''General''' Section.
  
 
* Don't be afraid to take risks, to experiment, and to have fun with Guest operating systems. The worst that can happen is that they will have to be re-installed!
 
* Don't be afraid to take risks, to experiment, and to have fun with Guest operating systems. The worst that can happen is that they will have to be re-installed!
 +
 +
=See Also=
 +
* [https://forum.manjaro.org/t/how-to-install-virtualbox/22183 How to install VirtualBox Forum Topic]
 +
* [https://forum.manjaro.org/t/howto-virtualbox-installation-usb-devices-and-shared-folders/55905 VirtualBox Installation, USB and Shared Folders Forum Wiki HowTo]
 +
* The official [http://www.virtualbox.org/manual/ VirtualBox Manual]
  
  
[[Category:Customisation and Configuration]]
 
 
[[Category:Contents Page]]
 
[[Category:Contents Page]]

Latest revision as of 17:22, 2 December 2019


Overview

Vbox.png


Developed by Sun Microsystems, now Oracle Corporation, VirtualBox is a popular application that allows for other operating systems (known as Guests) to be installed and run within an existing operating system (known as the Host). This is undertaken through the process of virtualisation, whereby virtual versions of your computer (also referred to as virtual machines or VMs) are created within and draw resources directly from the host system. As such, how fast or powerful a virtual machine may be will depend entirely on the resources available - and allocated - for it to use. The benefits of virtualisation include:

  • The fast and easy installation of other operating systems without affecting your existing system (e.g. no need for dual booting and/or preparation in the form of hard disk partitioning or re-sizing)
  • Completely safe learning and experimentation with operating systems, as nothing that occurs within a Guest will affect the Host (e.g. the Host operating system can also be installed as a Guest in a virtual machine as a risk-free means of trying out new things), and
  • An almost unlimited capacity to install as many additional operating systems as desired...provided space is available on your hard drive to store them!


Installing Virtualbox on Manjaro

Enabling Virtualisation

Before installing VirtualBox, it is important to first ensure that virtualization has been enabled in your BIOS. The exact instructions for doing this vary based on your hardware. Please review the manual provided by your computer or motherboard manufacturer for specific instructions.


Install VirtualBox

To install VirtualBox, you need to install the packages virtualbox and linux*-virtualbox-host-modules. The latter must match the version of the kernel you are running. To list what kernels is installed use mhwd

~ >>> mhwd-kernel -li                                                           
Currently running: 5.4.0-1-MANJARO (linux54)
The following kernels are installed in your system:
   * linux54


To install VirtualBox and automatically install the kernel modules for your installed kernels enter the following command in the terminal:

sudo pacman -Syu virtualbox linux54-virtualbox-host-modules


Once the installation has completed, it will then be necessary to add the VirtualBox Module to your kernel. The easy way is to simply reboot your system. Otherwise, to start using VirtualBox immediately, enter the following command:

sudo vboxreload

Install the Extension Pack(Optional)

The virtualbox extension pack is available from Arch User Repositoty(AUR). You can install it with:

pamac build virtualbox-ext-oracle


Adding Your Account to the vboxusers User Group

The final step is to now add your personal user account to the vboxusers group. This is necessary in order to fully access the features provided by VirtualBox, including the ability to use USB devices in a Guest operating system.


The command to add your user-name to the vboxusers group is:

sudo gpasswd -a $USER vboxusers


You must logout for the change to take effect.

Running Manjaro under VirtualBox

For those intending to use Manjaro under VirtualBox, you can install Manjaro as usual. Please observe below point of setting the correct display type.

Selecting a Display Controller

Before installation of Manjaro ensure the correct display settings for VM.

Tip: Graphics: 128MB, VBoxSVGA, Enable 3D Acceleration.

If you follow these recommendation the kernel modules the necessary packages are installed by mhwd.

Trouble shooting

If you deem it necessary to ensure the packages are installed please follow this recipe

~ >>> mhwd-kernel -li                                                           
Currently running: 5.4.0-1-MANJARO (linux54)
The following kernels are installed in your system:
   * linux54
~ >>> sudo pacman -Syu virtualbox-guest-utils linux54-virtualbox-guest-modules

Guest Configuration

You will need to load the modules if you don't want to reboot:

sudo modprobe vboxguest vboxvideo vboxsf

The guest utils than need to be started and enabled:

sudo systemctl enable --now vboxservice.service

Add you VM user to the vboxsf group (this requires you to logout to apply the new group)

sudo gpasswd -a $USER vboxsf

Advice, Tips, and Tricks

Advice on using Virtualbox effectively, as well as some tips and tricks learned along the way, have been provided for the benefit of new users.


Guest Installation

  • Virtualbox can run installation files (ISOs) directly as virtual discs, so there is no need to burn them to an installation medium such as a disc or USB data stick.
  • The process to install any Guest operating system, including Manjaro, is exactly the same as if actually installing for real on your computer.


Guest Additions

Guest Additions are special software packages designed to improve the performance and usability of guest operating systems.


They are installed within the Guest operating system itself, and most notably result in enhancing the display resolution, as well as enabling much better control over the mouse. As such, two tell-tale signs that Guest Additions have not been installed in a Guest are that the display will not scale to the size of the display window (i.e. it will be necessary to scroll around to see the whole screen), and the mouse may be quite hard to control.


Instructions for installing the guest additions in Manjaro are provided above. For other operating systems please review the VirtualBox instructions linked below


Guest Display

If you are using other guests e.g. Ubuntu, Linux Mint and others be sure to use the default VMSVGA display driver.

It will be necessary to activate the Enable 3D acceleration box in order to allow for some desktop effects (such as transparency) to be shown. This can be undertaken by going into the settings menu, and then selecting the Display section.

If you are getting screen distortion or transparent dialogs using Windows guest - shutdown the VM and change the graphics settings of the VM. Remove the checkbox for Enable 3D acceleration.

Guest Internet Connection

Some users have encountered problems when attempting to connect their virtual machine to the internet using the default VirtualBox settings. Where this is the case, try the following solution

1. Click the Settings Button and then select the Network tab

2. Next to the Attached to heading is a button that states NAT. Click it to reveal a drop down menu and select Bridged Adapter instead.

3. Next to the Name heading is a button whereby you may select how you are currently connected to the internet (e.g. Wlan means Wireless, and Eth0 means Ethernet). Select the appropriate connection type you are currently using.

4. Click the OK button to confirm.


General Troubleshooting

  • A VirtualBox installation will not automatically detect when USB device has been connected. As such, it is therefore necessary to click the USB icon located at the bottom of the VirtualBox window in order to select and activate it.
  • It is possible to enable the (very useful) ability to copy and paste text between the Guest and Host systems. This is undertaken by clicking Settings button and then going to the General Section.
  • Don't be afraid to take risks, to experiment, and to have fun with Guest operating systems. The worst that can happen is that they will have to be re-installed!

See Also