Change to a Different Download Server
The official Manjaro repositories are hosted on Software Servers(also known as mirrors) . Physically located throughout the world, these mirrors are responsible for receiving requests for software packages and delivering them to your system. There are therefore three primary factors that will determine how fast your downloads are:
- Your internet connection
- The speed of the mirror itself, and
- The proximity of the mirror to you, that is, how close or how far away it is from a network perspective.
Other than upgrading your internet package or switching providers, it is therefore, potentially possible to improve the speed of downloads from the Manjaro repositories by selecting a different mirror to use.
To get a list of countries currently serving mirrors use the command
sudo pacman-mirrors --country-list
Updating the mirrorlist the easy way
The easiest method is to use pacman-mirrors which automates the process of determining the fastest mirrors and updating the mirrrorlist accordingly.
A full description of how to use pacman-mirrors can be found one the Pacman-mirrors page.
Updating the mirrorlist manually
This is undertaken by amending the mirrorlist file, which is read by Manjaro's package managers, for the internet addresses of the Manjaro servers to download updates and software applications from.
Edit the Mirrorlist
You have a multitude of options for editing text file. Every system and every user has a preferred GUI text editor. However due to security concerns, it is difficult to launch a GUI editor to correctly edit a protected system configuration file.
Therefore you need to be familiar with basic terminal usage. nano is a terminal based text editor available with all Manjaro editions that we will use as an example.
You will need to first open your terminal in order to edit the mirrorlist file. The syntax of the command to edit the mirrorlist is:
sudo [terminal text editor] /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
For example, if you wish to edit the file within the terminal using nano (a standard terminal-based text editor) then enter:
sudo nano /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
Editing the mirrorlist
Lines beginning with a hash '#' will be ignored by pacman. Hence to disable a mirror, a comment can be put in the beginning of a line starting with Server.
The mirrorlist can be long generally and only a part of it is displayed below:
~ >>> cat /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist ## ## Manjaro Linux default mirrorlist ## Generated on 2018-02-17 13:32 ## ## Please use 'pacman-mirrors -f [NUMBER]' to modify mirrorlist ## ## Country : Germany Server = https://mirror.philpot.de/manjaro/unstable/$repo/$arch ## Country : Denmark Server = https://www.uex.dk/public/manjaro/unstable/$repo/$arch ## Country : United_Kingdom Server = http://manjaro.mirrors.uk2.net/unstable/$repo/$arch ## Country : Poland Server = https://mirror.tuchola-dc.pl/manjaro/unstable/$repo/$arch ## Country : Germany Server = http://mirror.ragenetwork.de/manjaro/unstable/$repo/$arch ## Country : Netherlands Server = https://mirror.koddos.net/manjaro/unstable/$repo/$arch ## Country : Netherlands Server = https://manjaro.mirror.wearetriple.com/unstable/$repo/$arch ## Country : Germany Server = https://mirror.alpix.eu/manjaro/unstable/$repo/$arch ## Country : Netherlands Server = https://mirror.neostrada.nl/manjaro/unstable/$repo/$arch ## Country : United_Kingdom Server = https://www.mirrorservice.org/sites/repo.manjaro.org/repos/unstable/$repo/$arch #----->snipped
Once you have disabled and/or enabled the desired server(s), save the changes and close the mirrorlist.
Step 2: Synchronising with the Newly Enabled Server(s)
Your Manjaro system has a database of all the software packages that are available from the official repositories. These are used by pacman to locate and download them for installation. Synchronising your database after changing servers will therefore ensure that it is up to date, and avoid any potential problems when subsequently downloading software packages.
To synchronise your database with the Manjaro repositories, enter the following command in the terminal:
sudo pacman -Syyu
Once the Mirrorlist has been amended and the database synchronised, the change will be immediate. There will be no need to reboot your system for the change to take effect.