Manjaro Pacman-mirrors

Pacman-mirrors

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Pacman-Mirrors

Pacman-mirrors 是一个 Manjaro 专门用于生成和维护系统镜像列表的应用程序。本文介绍以当前的 4.x 版本为准。其中,Pacman-mirrors 所提供的可用镜像,均可在镜像服务页面上查看。

目的

Manjaro 使用 pacman 实现系统维护,更新数据和安装新的软件。为了让 pacman 有效运作,一栏服务器列表,或是作为更为大多数人所熟知的镜像站,与 Manjaro 软件包是密不可分的。就像是 Manjaro 在世界各地有着许多的镜像站那样,使用离你最近的镜像站是可行的,并且最好也要用最新的(up-to-date)。

使用

为了实现大多数的功能,链接到互联网是很有必要的。从 v4 版本开始,Pacman-Mirrors 将会在网络在线时,通过查询某些通用的网站,从而进行检查。也正是由于这些站点普遍可用,所以才选择了它们。

  1. wikipedia.org
  2. github.com
  3. bitbucket.org

Should you get certificates error and pacman-mirrors throws a message of missing internet connection - you must verify your computers firmware date and time as this is probably completely off either because of configuration or a malfunctioning CMOS battery.

The app is run by an ordinary user with superuser rights from the console and when no arguments are given it will display pacman-mirrors version followed by status of the mirrors currently listed in your mirrorlist.

$ sudo pacman-mirrors

Exactly how the app generates the mirrorlist is controlled by supplying arguments on the commandline.

重要提示

Tip
每当运行 pacman-mirrors 时,都需要你同步你的数据库,并更新你的系统。
$ sudo pacman -Syyu

If you fail to do so, the issue/s which had you make change might not be solved. Furthermore you might run into partial-updated scenario which can cause havoc in your system. For more detailed information on how pacman works you can read up on the Archlinux Wiki

TL:DR - Samples please

All commands uses the available mirror pool.
The mirror pool can be the default full mirror pool or a customized mirror pool.
Commands for info do not require superuser - changing systemfiles do.
All samples are using the long name version of the argument. For short versions have a look at the page or the usage command

命令:展示信息

说明页

man pacman-mirrors

使用帮助

pacman-mirrors --help

版本信息

pacman-mirrors --version

镜像状态

pacman-mirrors --status

列出可用的国家和地区

基于默认的镜像源:

pacman-mirrors --country-list

基于自定义镜像源:

pacman-mirrors --country-config

所属版本分支

pacman-mirrors --get-branch

命令:使用默认镜像

更新镜像列表,以获得最快的镜像

sudo pacman-mirrors --fasttrack && sudo pacman -Syyu

限制为 5个 镜像

可以提供一个具体的数量,以此限制镜像列表中的镜像数量:

sudo pacman-mirrors --fasttrack 5 && sudo pacman -Syyu

只选择你所在的国家或地区的镜像

并不是所有的国家和地区都有镜像,根据地理位置信息(geoip)返回的国家或地区,若不在镜像池中,则将会使用全部镜像。

sudo pacman-mirrors --geoip && sudo pacman -Syyu

命令:自定义镜像源

你可以根据你自己的喜好,个性化设置你的镜像源。 但是!请勿过度限制你自己,因为 pacman-mirrors 仅会 将最新的(up-to-date)镜像写入到你的镜像列表中。

根据世界地理分区,自定义镜像源

根据地址查询结果,使用所在大陆的镜像,创建一个定制的镜像源。

sudo pacman-mirrors --continent && sudo pacman -Syyu

根据国家和地区,自定义镜像源

使用德国(Germany)、法国(France)和奥地利(Austria)的镜像,创建一个定制的镜像源。

sudo pacman-mirrors --country Germany,France,Austria && sudo pacman -Syyu

根据互动选取,自定义镜像源

Create a custom mirror pool using the --default mirror pool --interactive will list all available mirrors and procotols in a gui windows allowing to sort the columns and interactively select according to your preferences.

sudo pacman-mirrors --interactive --default && sudo pacman -Syyu

优先使用特定的传输协议

仅使用 https 和 http 协议对当前的镜像源进行排序。

sudo pacman-mirrors --api --protocol https,http && sudo pacman -Syyu

转换为 unstable 分支,并使用德国的镜像

更改系统分支为不稳定(unstable) ,并使用德国(German)的镜像创建一个自定义镜像源。

sudo pacman-mirrors --country Germany --api --set-branch unstable && sudo pacman -Syyu

转化分支,并使用德国的镜像 and use German mirrors with https

Change the system branch to unstable, set configuration to use https only and create a custom mirror pool using mirrors from Germany

sudo pacman-mirrors --country Germany --api --set-branch unstable --protocol https && sudo pacman -Syyu

重置

若把设置重置为默认值,你将会回到原点。

sudo pacman-mirrors --country all --api --protocols all --set-branch stable && sudo pacman -Syyu

简介

Available arguments

All available arguments can be viewed by unfolding this block

➜  ~ pacman-mirrors -h      
Version 4.16.4
USAGE:
 pacman-mirrors [-h] [-f [NUMBER]] [-i [-d]] [-m METHOD] [--status]
		[-c COUNTRY [COUNTRY...] | [--geoip] | [--continent]]
		[-l] [-lc] [-q] [-t SECONDS] [-v] [-n]
		[--api] [-S/-B BRANCH] [-p PREFIX]
			[-P PROTO [PROTO...]] [-R] [-U URL]

METHODS:
  -i, --interactive     Generate custom mirrorlist
  -f, --fasttrack [NUMBER]
                        Generate mirrorlist with a number of up-to-date
                        mirrors. Overrides : --geoip, --method
  -c, --country COUNTRY [COUNTRY ...]
                        Comma separated list of countries, from which mirrors
                        will be used
  --geoip               Get current country using geolocation
  --continent           Use continent from geolocation

API:
  -a, --api             [-p PREFIX][-R][-S/-B|-G BRANCH][-P PROTO [PROTO ...]]
  -S, -B, --set-branch {stable,stable-staging,testing,unstable}
                        API: Replace branch in configuration
  -p, --prefix PREFIX   API: Set prefix to : $mnt | /mnt/install
  -P, --proto, --protocols {all,http,https,ftp,ftps} [{all,http,https,ftp,ftps} ...]
                        API: Replace protocols in configuration
  -R, --re-branch       API: Replace branch in mirrorlist
  -U, --url URL         API: Replace mirror url in mirrorlist

MISC:
  -G, --get-branch      Return branch from configuration
  -d, --default         INTERACTIVE: Load default mirror file
  -h, --help
  -l, --list, --country-list
                        List all available countries
  -lc, --country-config
                        lists configured mirror countries
  -m, --method {rank,random}
                        Generation method
  -n, --no-mirrorlist   Use to skip generation of mirrorlist
  -q, --quiet           Quiet mode - less verbose output
  -s, --no-status       Ignore mirror branch status
  -t, --timeout SECONDS
                        Maximum waiting time for server response
  -v, --version         Print the pacman-mirrors version
  --no-color
  --interval INTERVAL   Max. number of hours since last sync
  -g                    Create mirror list from active pool.
  --status              Status for the current mirror list.
  --use-async           Experimental async mirror test.

Files used by pacman-mirrors

File: /etc/pacman-mirrors.conf (sample - can be changed by pacman-mirrors api commands)

To view the content of a default configuration - click the link to the right --->

~ >>> cat /etc/pacman-mirrors.conf                                                                                                                                    
    ##
    ## /etc/pacman-mirrors.conf
    ##

    ## Branch Pacman should use (stable, testing, unstable)
    # Branch = stable

    ## Generation method
    ## 1) rank   - rank mirrors depending on their access time
    ## 2) random - randomly generate the output mirrorlist
    # Method = rank

    ## Define protocols and priority
    ##   separated by comma 'https,http' or 'http,https'
    ## ATM available protocols are: http, https, ftp
    ## Not specifying a protocol will ban the protocol from being used
    ## If a mirror has more than one protocol defined only the first is written to the mirrorlist
    ## Empty means all in reversed alphabetic order
    # Protocols =

    ## When set to False - all certificates are accepted.
    ## Use only if you fully trust all ssl-enabled mirrors.
    # SSLVerify = True

File: /usr/share/pacman-mirrors/mirrors.json (sample - self updating)

To view the content of a default mirror pool - click the link to the right --->

~ >>> cat /usr/share/pacman-mirrors/mirrors.json                                                                                                                                     
[
  {
    "country": "Australia",
    "url": "http://mirror.ventraip.net.au/Manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Australia",
    "url": "http://manjaro.melbourneitmirror.net/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Australia",
    "url": "http://manjaro.mirror.serversaustralia.com.au/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Austria",
    "url": "http://mirror.inode.at/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Belarus",
    "url": "http://mirror.datacenter.by/pub/mirrors/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Belgium",
    "url": "http://ftp.belnet.be/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Belgium",
    "url": "ftp://ftp.belnet.be/mirrors/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Belgium",
    "url": "https://manjaro.cu.be/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Bulgaria",
    "url": "https://mirrors.netix.net/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Bulgaria",
    "url": "https://manjaro.ipacct.com/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Bulgaria",
    "url": "http://manjaro.telecoms.bg/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Canada",
    "url": "https://osmirror.org/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Chile",
    "url": "http://manjaro.dcc.uchile.cl/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "China",
    "url": "https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "China",
    "url": "http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "China",
    "url": "https://mirrors.zju.edu.cn/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Colombia",
    "url": "http://mirror.edatel.net.co/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Costa_Rica",
    "url": "https://mirrors.ucr.ac.cr/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Czech",
    "url": "https://mirror.dkm.cz/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Denmark",
    "url": "https://mirrors.dotsrc.org/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Denmark",
    "url": "https://www.uex.dk/public/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Ecuador",
    "url": "https://mirror.cedia.org.ec/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Ecuador",
    "url": "https://mirror.espoch.edu.ec/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "France",
    "url": "http://mirror.lignux.com/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "France",
    "url": "http://ftp.free.org/mirrors/repo.manjaro.org/repos/",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "France",
    "url": "https://fr.mirror.babylon.network/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "France",
    "url": "http://kibo.remi.lu/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Germany",
    "url": "http://mirror.ragenetwork.de/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Germany",
    "url": "https://ftp.halifax.rwth-aachen.de/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Germany",
    "url": "http://ftp.tu-chemnitz.de/pub/linux/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Germany",
    "url": "https://mirror.netzspielplatz.de/manjaro/packages/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Germany",
    "url": "https://mirror.netcologne.de/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Germany",
    "url": "https://repo.rhindon.net/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Germany",
    "url": "https://repo.stdout.net/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Germany",
    "url": "https://mirror.alpix.eu/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Germany",
    "url": "https://manjaro-mirror-a.alpix.eu/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Germany",
    "url": "http://ftp.rz.tu-bs.de/pub/mirror/manjaro.org/repos/",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Germany",
    "url": "http://babyname.tips/mirrors/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Hong_Kong",
    "url": "http://ftp.cuhk.edu.hk/pub/Linux/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Hungary",
    "url": "http://mirror.infotronik.hu/mirrors/pub/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Indonesia",
    "url": "http://kambing.ui.ac.id/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Indonesia",
    "url": "http://kartolo.sby.datautama.net.id/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Ireland",
    "url": "https://ftp.heanet.ie/mirrors/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Italy",
    "url": "https://manjaro.mirror.garr.it/mirrors/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Italy",
    "url": "https://ba.mirror.garr.it/mirrors/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Italy",
    "url": "https://ct.mirror.garr.it/mirrors/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Japan",
    "url": "http://ftp.tsukuba.wide.ad.jp/Linux/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Japan",
    "url": "http://ftp.riken.jp/Linux/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Netherlands",
    "url": "https://ftp.nluug.nl/pub/os/Linux/distr/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Netherlands",
    "url": "http://ftp.snt.utwente.nl/pub/linux/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Netherlands",
    "url": "https://nl.mirror.babylon.network/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Netherlands",
    "url": "https://manjaro.mirror.wearetriple.com/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Netherlands",
    "url": "https://mirror.koddos.net/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Philippines",
    "url": "http://mirror.rise.ph/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Portugal",
    "url": "http://ftp.dei.uc.pt/pub/linux/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Portugal",
    "url": "http://manjaro.barata.pt/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Romania",
    "url": "http://mirrors.serverhost.ro/manjaro/packages/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Romania",
    "url": "http://ftp.lug.ro/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Russia",
    "url": "https://mirror.yandex.ru/mirrors/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Russia",
    "url": "http://mirror.truenetwork.ru/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Singapore",
    "url": "https://download.nus.edu.sg/mirror/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "South_Africa",
    "url": "http://mirror.is.co.za/mirrors/manjaro.org/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Sweden",
    "url": "https://ftp.lysator.liu.se/pub/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Spain",
    "url": "http://ftp.caliu.cat/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Sweden",
    "url": "https://mirror.zetup.net/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Taiwan",
    "url": "http://free.nchc.org.tw/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "Turkey",
    "url": "http://ftp.linux.org.tr/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "United_Kingdom",
    "url": "http://mirror.catn.com/pub/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "United_Kingdom",
    "url": "http://repo.manjaro.org.uk/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "United_Kingdom",
    "url": "https://www.mirrorservice.org/sites/repo.manjaro.org/repos/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "United_Kingdom",
    "url": "http://manjaro.mirrors.uk2.net/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "United_States",
    "url": "http://mirror.dacentec.com/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "United_States",
    "url": "http://mirror.solarvps.com/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "United_States",
    "url": "http://distro.ibiblio.org/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "United_States",
    "url": "https://mirror.clarkson.edu/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "United_States",
    "url": "https://mirrors.ocf.berkeley.edu/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  },
  {
    "country": "United_States",
    "url": "https://mirror.math.princeton.edu/pub/manjaro/",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ]
  }
]

File: /var/lib/pacman-mirrors/status.json (sample - self updating)

To view the content of a default mirror pool including mirror status - click the link to the right --->

~/Desktop >>> cat /var/lib/pacman-mirrors/status.json                                                                                                                                
[
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Australia",
    "last_sync": "21:08",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://mirror.ventraip.net.au/Manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "Australia",
    "last_sync": "01:08",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://manjaro.melbourneitmirror.net/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      0,
      0,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Australia",
    "last_sync": "194:40",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://manjaro.mirror.serversaustralia.com.au/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Austria",
    "last_sync": "06:18",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://mirror.inode.at/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Belarus",
    "last_sync": "06:18",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://mirror.datacenter.by/pub/mirrors/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      -1,
      -1,
      -1
    ],
    "country": "Belgium",
    "last_sync": -1,
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://ftp.belnet.be/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      0,
      0,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Belgium",
    "last_sync": "138:19",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp"
    ],
    "url": "ftp://ftp.belnet.be/mirrors/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Belgium",
    "last_sync": "06:19",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://manjaro.cu.be/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "Bulgaria",
    "last_sync": "00:49",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://mirrors.netix.net/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "Bulgaria",
    "last_sync": "00:19",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://manjaro.ipacct.com/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Bulgaria",
    "last_sync": "02:39",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://manjaro.telecoms.bg/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "Canada",
    "last_sync": "00:59",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://osmirror.org/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "Chile",
    "last_sync": "00:49",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://manjaro.dcc.uchile.cl/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "China",
    "last_sync": "05:09",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "China",
    "last_sync": "05:09",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "China",
    "last_sync": "05:09",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://mirrors.zju.edu.cn/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      0,
      0,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Colombia",
    "last_sync": "2163:33",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://mirror.edatel.net.co/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Costa_Rica",
    "last_sync": "03:39",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://mirrors.ucr.ac.cr/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Czech",
    "last_sync": "06:19",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://mirror.dkm.cz/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "Denmark",
    "last_sync": "00:59",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://mirrors.dotsrc.org/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "Denmark",
    "last_sync": "00:09",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://www.uex.dk/public/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Ecuador",
    "last_sync": "02:49",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://mirror.cedia.org.ec/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Ecuador",
    "last_sync": "01:29",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://mirror.espoch.edu.ec/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "France",
    "last_sync": "01:39",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://mirror.lignux.com/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "France",
    "last_sync": "04:59",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://ftp.free.org/mirrors/repo.manjaro.org/repos/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "France",
    "last_sync": "00:49",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://fr.mirror.babylon.network/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "France",
    "last_sync": "00:19",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://kibo.remi.lu/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "Germany",
    "last_sync": "00:49",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://mirror.ragenetwork.de/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "Germany",
    "last_sync": "00:19",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://ftp.halifax.rwth-aachen.de/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Germany",
    "last_sync": "04:59",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://ftp.tu-chemnitz.de/pub/linux/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "Germany",
    "last_sync": "00:09",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://mirror.netzspielplatz.de/manjaro/packages/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Germany",
    "last_sync": "05:19",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://mirror.netcologne.de/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Germany",
    "last_sync": "06:40",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://repo.rhindon.net/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "Germany",
    "last_sync": "00:09",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://repo.stdout.net/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "Germany",
    "last_sync": "00:09",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://mirror.alpix.eu/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "Germany",
    "last_sync": "00:09",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://manjaro-mirror-a.alpix.eu/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Germany",
    "last_sync": "06:50",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://ftp.rz.tu-bs.de/pub/mirror/manjaro.org/repos/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Germany",
    "last_sync": "18:20",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://babyname.tips/mirrors/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Hong_Kong",
    "last_sync": "09:10",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://ftp.cuhk.edu.hk/pub/Linux/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Hungary",
    "last_sync": "06:20",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://mirror.infotronik.hu/mirrors/pub/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Indonesia",
    "last_sync": "20:20",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://kambing.ui.ac.id/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Indonesia",
    "last_sync": "03:00",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://kartolo.sby.datautama.net.id/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Ireland",
    "last_sync": "05:40",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://ftp.heanet.ie/mirrors/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Italy",
    "last_sync": "10:00",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://manjaro.mirror.garr.it/mirrors/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Italy",
    "last_sync": "10:00",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://ba.mirror.garr.it/mirrors/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Italy",
    "last_sync": "10:00",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://ct.mirror.garr.it/mirrors/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "Japan",
    "last_sync": "01:10",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://ftp.tsukuba.wide.ad.jp/Linux/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Japan",
    "last_sync": "12:20",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://ftp.riken.jp/Linux/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Netherlands",
    "last_sync": "04:40",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://ftp.nluug.nl/pub/os/Linux/distr/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Netherlands",
    "last_sync": "06:20",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://ftp.snt.utwente.nl/pub/linux/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "Netherlands",
    "last_sync": "00:50",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://nl.mirror.babylon.network/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Netherlands",
    "last_sync": "04:50",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://manjaro.mirror.wearetriple.com/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Netherlands",
    "last_sync": "04:40",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://mirror.koddos.net/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Philippines",
    "last_sync": "05:10",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://mirror.rise.ph/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      0,
      0,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Portugal",
    "last_sync": "271:12",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://ftp.dei.uc.pt/pub/linux/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "Portugal",
    "last_sync": "00:40",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://manjaro.barata.pt/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Romania",
    "last_sync": "12:20",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://mirrors.serverhost.ro/manjaro/packages/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      -1,
      -1,
      -1
    ],
    "country": "Romania",
    "last_sync": -1,
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://ftp.lug.ro/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Russia",
    "last_sync": "03:00",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://mirror.yandex.ru/mirrors/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      0,
      0,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Russia",
    "last_sync": "126:11",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://mirror.truenetwork.ru/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Singapore",
    "last_sync": "13:10",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://download.nus.edu.sg/mirror/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "South_Africa",
    "last_sync": "03:10",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://mirror.is.co.za/mirrors/manjaro.org/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "Sweden",
    "last_sync": "00:40",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://ftp.lysator.liu.se/pub/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Spain",
    "last_sync": "04:00",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://ftp.caliu.cat/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Sweden",
    "last_sync": "02:40",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://mirror.zetup.net/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Taiwan",
    "last_sync": "04:00",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://free.nchc.org.tw/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "Turkey",
    "last_sync": "06:20",
    "protocols": [
      "ftp",
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://ftp.linux.org.tr/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "United_Kingdom",
    "last_sync": "01:10",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://mirror.catn.com/pub/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "United_Kingdom",
    "last_sync": "00:40",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://repo.manjaro.org.uk/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "United_Kingdom",
    "last_sync": "05:20",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://www.mirrorservice.org/sites/repo.manjaro.org/repos/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "United_Kingdom",
    "last_sync": "00:50",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://manjaro.mirrors.uk2.net/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "United_States",
    "last_sync": "00:30",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://mirror.dacentec.com/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "United_States",
    "last_sync": "06:21",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://mirror.solarvps.com/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "United_States",
    "last_sync": "00:11",
    "protocols": [
      "http"
    ],
    "url": "http://distro.ibiblio.org/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "United_States",
    "last_sync": "01:51",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://mirror.clarkson.edu/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      0
    ],
    "country": "United_States",
    "last_sync": "01:51",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://mirrors.ocf.berkeley.edu/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "United_States",
    "last_sync": "00:41",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "url": "https://mirror.math.princeton.edu/pub/manjaro/"
  }
]
<pre>
</div>
</div>

====File: <code>/etc/pacman-mirrors.conf</code> <small>(sample of default config)</small>====

<div class="toccolours mw-collapsible mw-collapsed">
To view the content of a default pacman-mirrors.conf - click the link to the right --->
<div class="mw-collapsible-content">
<pre>
~ >>> cat /etc/pacman-mirrors.conf                                                                                                                                                   
##
## /etc/pacman-mirrors.conf
##

## Branch Pacman should use (stable, testing, unstable)
# Branch = stable

## Generation method
## 1) rank   - rank mirrors depending on their access time
## 2) random - randomly generate the output mirrorlist
# Method = rank

## Define protocols and priority
##   separated by comma 'https,http' or 'http,https'
## ATM available protocols are: http, https, ftp
## Not specifying a protocol will ban the protocol from being used
## If a mirror has more than one protocol defined only the first is written to the mirrorlist
## Empty means all in reversed alphabetic order
# Protocols = 

## Get a list of all available counties with 'pacman-mirrors -l'
## Value can be 'Custom' or nothing which means all
# OnlyCountry = 

## When set to False - all certificates are accepted.
## Use only if you fully trust all ssl-enabled mirrors.
# SSLVerify = True

Sample command to customize mirror pool

To view the content of the sample command - click the link to the right --->

~ >>> sudo pacman-mirrors --country Denmark && sudo pacman -Syyu                                                                                                         
.: INFO Downloading mirrors from repo.manjaro.org

.: INFO User generated mirror list
--------------------------
.: INFO Custom mirror file saved: /var/lib/pacman-mirrors/custom-mirrors.json
.: INFO Using custom mirror file
.: INFO Querying mirrors - This may take some time
   0.091 Denmark        : https://mirrors.dotsrc.org/manjaro/
   0.075 Denmark        : https://www.uex.dk/public/manjaro/
.: INFO Writing mirror list
   Denmark         : https://www.uex.dk/public/manjaro/unstable/$repo/$arch
   Denmark         : https://mirrors.dotsrc.org/manjaro/unstable/$repo/$arch
.: INFO Mirror list generated and saved to: /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
.: INFO To remove custom config run  'sudo pacman-mirrors -c all'
:: Synkroniserer pakkedatabaser...
 core                          143,1 KiB  10,7M/s 00:00 [##############################] 100%
 extra                        1719,8 KiB  10,3M/s 00:00 [##############################] 100%
 community                       4,5 MiB  11,0M/s 00:00 [##############################] 100%
 multilib                      177,7 KiB  13,3M/s 00:00 [##############################] 100%
:: Starter fuld systemopgradering...
 der er intet at udføre

File: /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist (sample)

To view the content of the sample mirrorlist - click the link to the right --->

~ >>> cat /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist                                                                                                                                                   
##
## Manjaro Linux custom mirrorlist
## Generated on 2017-11-08 10:59
##
## Please use 'pacman-mirrors -id' to reset custom mirrorlist
## Please use 'pacman-mirrors -c all' to reset custom mirrorlist
## To remove custom config run  'pacman-mirrors -c all'
##

## Country : Denmark
Server = https://www.uex.dk/public/manjaro/unstable/$repo/$arch

## Country : Denmark
Server = https://mirrors.dotsrc.org/manjaro/unstable/$repo/$arch

File: /var/lib/pacman-mirrors/custom-mirrors.json (sample)

To view the content of a custom mirror pool - click the link to the right --->

~ >>> cat /var/lib/pacman-mirrors/custom-mirrors.json                                                                                                                                
[
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "Denmark",
    "last_sync": "00:59",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "resp_time": "00.00",
    "url": "https://mirrors.dotsrc.org/manjaro/"
  },
  {
    "branches": [
      1,
      1,
      1
    ],
    "country": "Denmark",
    "last_sync": "00:09",
    "protocols": [
      "https"
    ],
    "resp_time": "00.00",
    "url": "https://www.uex.dk/public/manjaro/"
  }
]

Defaults

PacmanMirrors has some reasonable defaults

- Ranking mirrors with the fastest mirrors on top
- Using stable branch
- Using all mirrors

The -f or --fasttrack argument uses mirrors which are up-to-date for your branch. Optionally you can supply a number e.g. 10

Continent

The --continent argument is using a geolocation function to create a custom mirror pool from countries within the geolocated continent.

Country

Instead of pacman-mirrors probing all mirrors in all countries it is possible to supply a list of countries from which to use the mirrors. This creates a custom mirror pool. The countries is an example - check the country list if in doubt.

$ sudo pacman-mirrors --country Germany,France,Austria && sudo pacman -Syyu

If a supplied country does not offer a mirrorserver the app quits with an error explaining why.

$ sudo pacman-mirrors --country Antarctica && sudo pacman -Syyu
.: Info Downloading mirrors from repo.manjaro.org
.: Warning Option '-c/--country' : unknown country: 'Antarctica'
.: Info Available countries are:
Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brasil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia,
Costa_Rica, Czech, Denmark, Ecuador, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Indonesia,
Ireland, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia,
Singapore, South_Africa, Sweden, Spain, Taiwan, Turkey, United_Kingdom, United_States,
Vietnam


Another option for the mirrors closest to your location is --geoip

$ sudo pacman-mirrors --geoip --quiet && sudo pacman -Syyu
:: Querying servers, this may take some time
=> Testing mirrors in France
:: Writing mirror list
:: Mirrorlist generated and saved to: /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist

Customizing the mirror pool

If you, for various reasons, have a preference for specific mirrors, it is possible to create a personal mirror pool. This is done by supplying --interactive [--default], --continent-- or --country argument.

A word of caution

Don't limit yourself too much. Pacman-mirrors will only use up-to-date mirrors in the final mirrorlist. Also observe this: Your custom mirror pool will not be changed - even if a mirror leaves service or becomes unmaintained. It is your reponsibility to maintain your custom mirror pool in the event the official mirrorpool is changed.

Customizing pool

The customized pool is saved as /var/lib/pacman-mirrors/custom-mirrors.json

First option is using --interactive. It uses your current mirror pool(whether default or custom)

$ sudo pacman-mirrors --interactive && sudo pacman -Syyu

Second option is using --interactive --default. This force the use of the official mirror pool

$ sudo pacman-mirrors --interactive --default && sudo pacman -Syyu

Third option is supplying a list of countries with --country. The countries is an example - check the country list if in doubt.

$ sudo pacman-mirrors --country Germany,France,Austria && sudo pacman -Syyu

Fourth option is --continent. The countries used is determined by the continent they are assigned to and can optionally be combined with --interactive.

$ sudo pacman-mirrors --continent [--interactive]

Using --interactive option, pacman-mirrors will process the available mirrors and present you with a list in which you will select your desired mirrors. In any case the pool is saved and used to generate a mirrorlist.

Syncronization status

Pacman-mirrors downloads pool status for the default mirror pool. When you want to regenerate your mirrorlist, your custom pool is updated with the info from the downloaded pool status.

This ensures you will always use up-to-date mirrors.

Resetting and changing the custom mirror pool

First option to reset is to default mirror pool

$ sudo pacman-mirrors --country all && sudo pacman -Syyu

Second option to is to use --default with --interactive and creating a new custom mirror pool

$ sudo pacman-mirrors --interactive --default && sudo pacman -Syyu
  • You will be presented with a list with all and every mirror and you can pick your selection.

Third option is to supply a list of countries and use those for a custom mirror pool. The countries is an example - check the country list if in doubt.

 $ sudo pacman-mirrors --country Germany,France,Austria && sudo pacman -Syyu
  • If you supply the same preferred countries on every reset you will get your mirror pool updated with added or removed mirrors.

The --continent option has a behavior similar to --country

Apply pacman-mirrors defaults

sudo pacman-mirrors --country all --api --protocol all -set-branch stable && sudo pacman -Syyu

The system will throw messages about newer packages on the system. These messages can safely be ignored and they dissappear when the installed package(s) equals the system branch.

manpage

  • The manpage is in section 8 (System administration commands)
  • man page


FAQ

常见问题解答

pacman-mirrors.conf

If pacman-mirrors is updated and has a new pacman-mirrors.conf, it will inform you that a new conf is saved as pacman-mirrors.conf.pacnew.

You must manually merge changes/additions into your pacman-mirrors.conf.

Forum posts

论坛帖子

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