Change to a Different Download Server
The official Manjaro repositories (also known as mirrors) are hosted on Software Servers. Physically located throughout the world, these servers are responsible for receiving requests for software packages via the terminal and/or pacman-gui, and consequently delivering them to your system. There are therefore three primary factors that will determine how fast your downloads are:
- Your internet connection
- The speed of the server itself, and
- The proximity of the server to you, that is, how close or how far away it is.
Other than upgrading your internet package or switching providers, it is therefore, potentially possible to improve the speed of downloads from the Manjaro repositories by selecting a different server to use.
To get a list of countries currently serving mirrors use the command
sudo pacman-mirrors --country-list
Two methods to switch servers are available. The first is to manually determine the server to use, as is provided in this guide. The second is to use the Rankmirrors command to automatically determine and set the fastest possible server on your behalf, provided in the Use Rankmirrors to Set the Fastest Download Server guide.
Step 1: Changing Servers
This is undertaken by amending the mirrorlist file, which is read by Manjaro's package manager, pacman, for the internet addresses of the Manjaro servers to download updates and software applications from.
Edit the Mirrorlist
If you prefer editing your mirror list by hand - here is how
Due to the versatility of GNU you have a multitude of options for editing text file. Every system and every user has a preferred GUI text editor. However due to security concerns, it is difficult to launch a GUI editor to correctly edit a protected system configuration file.
Therefore you need to be familiar with basic terminal usage. nano is a terminal based text editor available with all Manjaro editions.
You will need to first open your terminal in order to edit the mirrorlist file. The syntax of the command to edit the mirrorlist is:
sudo [terminal text editor] /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
For example, if you wish to edit the file within the terminal using nano (a standard terminal-based text editor) then enter:
sudo nano /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
However, a loophole exist for editing system files with a GUI editor. That requires you to know the binary name for the editor. For example does Gnome based editions often include the gedit text editor. If you are unsure - just type
gedit in a terminal. Depending on availability it will open or the terminal displays an error message.
To use gedit (if available), the command is:
If above command fails, the gvfs package is not installed. This package can be installed with
sudo pacman -Syu gvfs
or with pamac
pamac install gvfs
A list of common GUI editors (a lot more exist)
Editing the mirrorlist
Lines beginning with a hash '#' will be ignored by pacman. Hence to disable a mirror, a comment can be put in the beginning of a line starting with Server.
The mirrorlist can be long generally and only a part of it is displayed below:
~ >>> cat /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist ## ## Manjaro Linux default mirrorlist ## Generated on 2018-02-17 13:32 ## ## Please use 'pacman-mirrors -f [NUMBER]' to modify mirrorlist ## ## Country : Germany Server = https://mirror.philpot.de/manjaro/unstable/$repo/$arch ## Country : Denmark Server = https://www.uex.dk/public/manjaro/unstable/$repo/$arch ## Country : United_Kingdom Server = http://manjaro.mirrors.uk2.net/unstable/$repo/$arch ## Country : Poland Server = https://mirror.tuchola-dc.pl/manjaro/unstable/$repo/$arch ## Country : Germany Server = http://mirror.ragenetwork.de/manjaro/unstable/$repo/$arch ## Country : Netherlands Server = https://mirror.koddos.net/manjaro/unstable/$repo/$arch ## Country : Netherlands Server = https://manjaro.mirror.wearetriple.com/unstable/$repo/$arch ## Country : Germany Server = https://mirror.alpix.eu/manjaro/unstable/$repo/$arch ## Country : Netherlands Server = https://mirror.neostrada.nl/manjaro/unstable/$repo/$arch ## Country : United_Kingdom Server = https://www.mirrorservice.org/sites/repo.manjaro.org/repos/unstable/$repo/$arch #----->snipped
Once you have disabled and/or enabled the desired server(s), save the changes and close the mirrorlist as follows:
- nano: Press
yto save, then
enterto finish, or
- gedit and others: Press
CTRL-qand save the file or select the
Saveoption and close the window.
Now, all that is required is to Synchronise the newly enabled server(s).
Step 2: Synchronising with the Newly Enabled Server(s)
Your Manjaro system has a database of all the software packages that are available from the official repositories. These are used by pacman to locate and download them for installation. Synchronising your database after changing servers will therefore ensure that it is up to date, and avoid any potential problems when subsequently downloading software packages.
To synchronise your database with the Manjaro repositories, enter the following command in the terminal:
sudo pacman -Syyu
Once the Mirrorlist has been amended and the database synchronised, the change will be immediate. There will be no need to reboot your system for the change to take effect.