Manjaro Manjaro:和而不同

Manjaro:和而不同

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This page is a translated version of the page Manjaro:A Different Kind of Beast and the translation is 74% complete.
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简介

虽然 Manjaro 是基于 Arch 开发,并且可以兼容 Arch,可是,它并不是 Arch。严格来讲,Manjaro 绝不仅是某个易于安装或已预先配置的 Arch 版本,而更是一只特立独行的“猛兽”。

事实上,Manjaro 与 Arch 的差异,要远远大于流行的 Ubuntu 发行版与 Ubuntu 的许多其他的衍生发行版之间的差异,这也包括 Mint 和 Zorin 在内。为了更清楚的了解 Manjaro,简单概括了它的一些主要特点。

  • Manjaro 是基于 Arch 独立开发的,由完全不同的团队制作。
  • Manjaro 是为新手简易设计的,而 Arch 面向的则是更熟练的老用户。
  • Manjaro 从独有的仓库中获取软件,这些仓库里也包含着 Arch 所未提供的软件包。
  • Manjaro 提供其发行的特定工具,例如 Manjaro 硬件检测(mhwd)和 Manjaro 设置管理器(msm)。
  • Manjaro 与 Arch 相比,在操作方式上有许多细微的差异。

下文中更加具体的说明了这些差异。

专用仓库

Info
Manjaro 使用独立软件仓库的一个重要好处是开发者将为您实施关键更新,因此您无需手动干预。


为了确保持续的稳定性和可靠性,Manjaro 使用自己的专用软件存储库。除了社区维护的 Arch 用户存储库 (AUR),Manjaro 系统不访问官方的 Arch 存储库。

Manjaro 软件包仓库

稳定分支(Stable)

Stable branch is snapped from testing approximately two weeks after the sync from Arch stable repositories. The packages on stable branch are the default repositories used by Manjaro systems to provide updates and downloads to the general user base.

测试分支(Testing)

Testing branch is snapped from unstable at irregular intervals - but usually shortly after the syncronization from Arch stable. This branch is used as a testing area for packages build by Manjaro developers such as kernels, kernel modules, nvidia graphics, software patches, Manjaro inhouse applications. The package may be subject to further checks by developers and testers for potential bugs and/or stability issues, prior to being released to the stable branch. Testing branch is for the knowledgeable user looking for a way to contribute to keep Manjaro running at it's best.

不稳定分支(Unstable)

Unstable branch is synced several times daily from Arch stable and the packages from Arch repo is generally considered stable as they have been vetted by the Archlinux QA and the Archlinux community. Manjaro maintainers build kernels, kernel modules and nvidia graphic drivers from kernel source. This branch is also the entry point for Manjaro's inhouse applications. The latest available versions of software will be located here and using the unstable branch may cause issues on your system but you are proficient, motivated and have no problem solving minor isssues on your own.

没有 Arch 激进(bleeding edge)

A consequence of accommodating this testing process is that Manjaro will never be quite as bleeding-edge as Arch. Software may be released to the stable repositories days, weeks, or potentially even months later; however, users who wish to access the very latest releases can still do so by switching to testing or unstable branch. Doing so will prove you are knowledgeable and a Manjaro Linux poweruser.

便于使用的专属工具

Another feature that sets Manjaro apart from Arch and other Arch-based distributions is its focus on tools to ease the general system maintenance. This extends far beyond just providing an easy graphical installer and pre-configured desktop environments. Manjaro also provides a range of powerful tools developed exclusively by the Manjaro Team.

Manjaro 硬件检测

Mhwd2.png
Manjaro 硬件检测(mhwd)

The mhwd command enables the automatic detection and configuration of your hardware for you, usually undertaken during the installation process. This includes support for hybrid graphics cards, as well as setting everything up such as module dependencies for Virtualbox virtual machine installations; however, it can also be used by users with limited technical knowledge to easily undertake this task for themselves.

A guide on how to manually configure graphics cards has been provided.

Manjaro 内核检测

Screenshot mhwd-kernel.png
Manjaro 硬件检测 - 内核(mhwd-kernel)

While automatic support for the use of multiple kernels is a defining feature of Manjaro, the mhwd-kernel command also empowers users with no technical knowledge to easily manage them as well. This includes automatically updating any newly installed kernels with any modules being used, such as those required to run Manjaro within Virtualbox.

A guide on how to manage kernels has been provided.

Manjaro 设置管理器

Screenshot msm.png
Manjaro 设置管理器(msm)

This user-friendly application allows you to quickly and easily manage user accounts, install new language packs, and even switch your system's default language and keyboard layout on-the-fly. msm will also automatically notify you of any updates available for installed language packs, too.

Recently new features were added such as easy ways to choose and install between multiple kernels and drivers for your graphics card.

Please look here for more detailed explanations about Manjaro 设置管理器.

Pamac 软件包管理器

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Pamac - 图形界面软件管理器

Exclusively developed by the Manjaro Team, this intuitive application allows you to easily search for, install, remove, and update software applications and packages. pamac will also automatically notify you of any updates; keep your system up-to-date with just a single click!

There are more detailed explanations available for Pamac 软件包管理器.


结论

Manjaro is definitely a beast, but a very different kind of beast than Arch. Fast, powerful, and always up to date, Manjaro provides all the benefits of an Arch operating system, but with an especial emphasis on stability, user-friendliness and accessibility for newcomers and experienced users alike.

Any enquires about the Manjaro operating system should therefore be directed towards the Manjaro Forum or Manjaro Telegram in order to receive the best help and support possible. All are welcome!

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